25 năm KDE

Đi qua các thời điểm đánh dấu 25 năm lịch sử của cộng đồng KDE, bắt đầu với những công nghệ giúp KDE được ra đời. Xem cuốn sách về 20 năm KDE của chúng tôi.

Bắt đầu


UNIX ra đời

Năm 1969, Ken ThompsonDennis Ritchie bắt đầu tạo ra UNIX. Ban đầu được viết bằng hợp ngữ, nó sớm được viết lại bằng C, một ngôn ngữ được tạo ra bởi Ritchie và được coi là bậc cao.

Thompson & Ritchie Thompson & Ritchie

C++ được tạo ra

Năm 1979, Bjarne Stroustrup bắt đầu phát triển “C cùng với lớp”, mà sau này trở thành C++. Theo ý kiến của ông, đó là ngôn ngữ duy nhất vào lúc đó cho phép viết các chương trình hiệu quả và đồng thời lại nhã nhặn.

Bjarne Stroustrup Bjarne Stroustrup

Khởi đầu của Phần mềm Tự do

Năm 1984, Richard Stallman bắt đầu phát triển GNU (GNU is Not Unix - GNU không phải là Unix), một hệ điều hành hoàn toàn mở dựa trên Unix có sở hữu độc quyền.

Richard Stallman Richard Stallman

Nhân Linux

Năm 1991, Linus Torvalds tạo ra nhân Linux dựa trên MINIX, một phiên bản Unix viết bởi Andrew Tanenbaum. Sự xuất hiện của Linux đã cách mạng hoá lịch sử phần mềm tự do và giúp phổ biến nó. Xem bản đồ hoạ thông tin 25 năm phát triển nhân Linux.

Linus Torvalds Linus Torvalds

Các bản phân phối đầu tiên ra đời

Năm 1993, các bản phân phối miễn phí đầu tiên bắt đầu xuất hiện, dựa trên GNU và Linux. Một bản phân phối GNU/Linux thường được cấu thành bởi nhân Linux, các công cụ và thư viện GNU, và thêm nữa là một bộ ứng dụng.

GNU & Tux GNU & Tux

Qt được tạo ra

In 1995, the Norwegian company Troll Tech created the cross-platform framework Qt, with which KDE would be created in the following year. Qt became the basis of the main KDE technologies in these 20 years. Learn more about Qt History.

Biểu trưng Qt Biểu trưng Qt

KDE được thông báo ra mắt

In 1996, Matthias Ettrich announced the creation of Kool Desktop Environment (KDE), a graphical interface for Unix systems, built with Qt and C ++ and designed for the end user. The name “KDE” was a pun on the graphic environment CDE, which was proprietary at the time. Read the original announcement of the KDE Project.

Matthias Ettrich Matthias Ettrich

Hội thảo KDE Một

In 1997, about 15 KDE developers met in Arnsberg, Germany, to work on the project and discuss its future. This event became known as KDE One.

Ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher Ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher

KDE Beta 1

The beta 1 version of KDE was released exactly 12 months after the project announcement. The release text emphasized that KDE was not a window manager, but an integrated environment in which the window manager was just another part.

Ảnh chụp màn hình KDE Beta 1 Ảnh chụp màn hình KDE Beta 1

KDE e.V. được thành lập

In 1997, KDE e.V., the nonprofit that represents the KDE community financially and legally, was founded in Tübingen, Germany.

Biểu trưng KDE e.V. Biểu trưng KDE e.V.

Tổ chức Qt Tự do của KDE được thành lập

The foundation agreement for the KDE Free Qt Foundation is signed by KDE e.V. and Trolltech, then owner of Qt. The Foundation ensures the permanent availability of Qt as Free Software.

Konqi với Qt trong tim Konqi với Qt trong tim

KDE 1 được phát hành

KDE released the first stable version of its graphical environment in 1998, with highlights as an application development framework, the KOM/OpenParts, and a preview of its office suite. See the KDE 1.x Screenshots.



In April 1999, a dragon is announced as the new animated assistant to the KDE Help Center. It was so charming that it replaced the previous project mascot, Kandalf, from version 3.x on. See the KDE 2 Screenshot showing Konqi and Kandalf.

Konqi Konqi

Hội thảo KDE Hai

In October 1999, the second meeting of KDE developers took place in Erlangen, Germany. Read the report on the KDE Two Conference.

Ảnh tập thể (ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher) Ảnh tập thể (ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher)

Bàn làm việc KDE

From the beta 1 version of KDE 2 it is possible to perceive a project naming change. The releases that once referred to the project as “K Desktop Environment”, began referring to it only as “KDE Desktop”.

Biểu trưng KDE 2 Biểu trưng KDE 2

Hội thảo KDE Ba Beta

In July 2000, the third meeting (beta) of KDE developers occurred in Trysil, Norway. Find out what was done during the conference.

Ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher Ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher

KDE 2 được phát hành

KDE released its second version, featuring as main news Konqueror web browser and file manager; and the office suite KOffice. KDE had its code almost entirely rewritten for this second version. See the KDE 2.0 Screenshots.


Dự án KDE

From the release announcement of version 2.1.2 there is also a change of the nomenclature. The announcements began referring to KDE as “KDE Project”.

Màn hình khởi động KDE 2.1 Màn hình khởi động KDE 2.1

Phụ nữ KDE

In March 2001, the creation of community women’s group was announced. The KDE Women aimed to help increase the number of women in free software communities, particularly in KDE. Watch the video “Highlights of KDE Women” of the Akademy 2010.

Katie, bạn gái của Konqi Katie, bạn gái của Konqi

Hội nghị KDE Ba

In March 2002, about 25 developers gathered for the third KDE meeting in Nuremberg, Germany. KDE 3 was about to be released and the KDE 2 code needed to be migrated to the new library Qt 3.

Ảnh tập thể KDE Ba Ảnh tập thể KDE Ba


KDE released its third version, showing as important additions a new print framework, KDEPrint; the translation of the project for 50 languages; and a package of educational applications, maintained by the KDE Edutainment Project. See the KDE 3.0 Screenshots.


Hội nghị KDE e.V.

In August 2002, there was a meeting of board members of the KDE e.V. that was essential to establish how the organization works. At this meeting it was decided, among other things, that the brand “KDE” would be registered and that new members should be invited and supported by two active members of e.V..

Ảnh tập thể (ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher) Ảnh tập thể (ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher)

KDE 3.1

In version 3.1 the community presented KDE with a new look, a new theme for widgets, called Keramik, and Crystal as default theme for the icons. See KDE 3.1 New Feature Guide.

KDE 3.1 KDE 3.1


In August 2003, about 100 contributors of KDE from various countries gathered in a castle in the Czech Republic. The event was called Kastle and was the forerunner of Akademy, the event that would become the international annual meeting of the community.

Ảnh tập thể Kastle Ảnh tập thể Kastle

Akademy 2004

In August 2004, the first international meeting of the community took place. The event was held in Ludwigsburg, Germany, and launched a series of international events called “Akademy” which take place annually since then. The event got its name because it happened in the “Filmakademie” city film school. See the group photos of all Akademies.

Ảnh tập thể Akademy 2004 Ảnh tập thể Akademy 2004

KDE 3.5

KDE 3.5 was released. This version introduced several new features, among them, the SuperKaramba, a tool that allowed customize your desktop with “applets”; the Amarok and Kaffeine players; and the media burner K3B. See KDE 3.5: A Visual Guide to New Features.

KDE 3.5 KDE 3.5

Akademy-Es đầu tiên

In March 2006, the first meeting of Spanish KDE contributors took place in Barcelona. Since then, Akademy-Es has turned into an annual event. Learn more about Spanish KDE contributors group.

Ảnh Akademy-Es đầu tiên Ảnh Akademy-Es đầu tiên

Hội nghị Lõi KDE Bốn

In July 2006, the developers of the KDE core libraries gathered in Trysill, Norway, for the KDE Four Core meeting. The event was a kind of successor to the KDE Beta Three Conference and KDE Three Meeting and in it developers worked on the development of KDE 4 and stabilization of some core libraries to the project.

Ảnh tập thể (ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher) Ảnh tập thể (ảnh của Cornelius Schumacher)


In March 2007, several contributors of KDE and Gnome met in A Coruña, Spain, an event which sought to establish a collaboration between the two projects. The event became known as Guademy, a mixture of Guadec, the name given to the Gnome event with Akademy, KDE event name.

Ảnh tập thể Guademy Ảnh tập thể Guademy

KDE 4 Alpha 1

In May 2007, the alpha 1 version of KDE 4, codenamed “Knut”, was announced. This announcement showed a completely new desktop, with a new theme, Oxygen, new applications like Okular and Dolphin, and a new desktop shell, Plasma. See KDE 4.0 Alpha 1: A Visual Guide to New Features.

KDE 4 Alpha 1 KDE 4 Alpha 1

Nền tảng phát triển KDE 4

In October 2007, KDE announced the release candidate of its development platform consisting of basic libraries and tools to develop KDE applications.

Nhà phát triển Konqi Nhà phát triển Konqi


In 2008, the community announced the revolutionary KDE 4. In addition to the visual impact of the new default theme, Oxygen, and the new desktop interface, Plasma; KDE 4 also innovated by presenting the following applications: the PDF reader Okular, the Dolphin file manager, as well as KWin, supporting graphics effects. See KDE 4.0 Visual Guide.

KDE 4.0 KDE 4.0

Cộng đồng KDE

From the announcement of version 4.1 on there was already a tendency to refer to KDE as a “community” and not just as a “project”. This change was recognized and affirmed in the rebranding announcement of the following year.

Cộng đồng Konqi Cộng đồng Konqi

Camp KDE đầu tiên

In January 2009, the first edition of Camp KDE took place in Negril, Jamaica. It was the first KDE event in the Americas. After that, there were two more US-based conferences, in 2010 in San Diego, and another in 2011 in San Francisco.

Ảnh tập thể 2009 Ảnh tập thể 2009

Gran Canaria Desktop Summit

In July 2009, the first Desktop Summit, a joint conference of the KDE and Gnome communities, took place in Gran Canaria, Spain. The Akademy 2009 was held with this event.

Ảnh tập thể DS 2009 Ảnh tập thể DS 2009

1 triệu bản chuyển giao

The community reached the mark of 1 million of commits. From 500,000 in January 2006 and 750,000 in December 2007, only 19 months later, contributions reached the 1 million mark. The increase in these contributions coincides with the launch of innovative KDE 4.

Lượng người đóng góp hoạt động ở thời điểm đó Lượng người đóng góp hoạt động ở thời điểm đó

Hội nghị Randa đầu tiên

In September 2009, the first of a series of events known as Randa Meetings took place in Randa, in Swiss Alps. The event brought together several sprints of various community projects. Since then, Randa Meetings take place annually.

Ảnh tập thể RM đầu tiên Ảnh tập thể RM đầu tiên

Định lại nhãn hiệu

In November 2009, the community announced changes to its brand. The name “K Desktop Environment” had become ambiguous and obsolete and is replaced by “KDE”. The name “KDE” is no longer just referring to a desktop environment, but now represents both the community and the project umbrella supported by this community.

Biểu đồ nhãn hiệu Biểu đồ nhãn hiệu

Tập hợp Phần mềm KDE

From version 4.3.4 on, KDE announcements began to refer to the whole suite of products as ‘KDE Software Compilation’ (KDE SC). Currently, this trend is abandoned.

Sơ đồ nhãn hiệu Sơ đồ nhãn hiệu


In April 2010, the first meeting of Brazil KDE contributors took place. The event was held in Salvador, Bahia, and was the only Brazilian Akademy edition. From 2012 on, the event expanded to a meeting for all Latin American contributors.

Ảnh tập thể Akademy-Br Ảnh tập thể Akademy-Br

Nhập Cuộc (Join the Game)

In June 2010, the KDE e.V. announced the supporting membership program “Join the Game”, which aims to encourage financial support to the community. By participating in the program you become a member of the KDE e.V., contributing to an annual amount and being able participate in the organization’s annual meetings.

Biểu trưng JtG Biểu trưng JtG

KDE SC 4.5

In August 2010, the community announced version 4.5 of its products: Development Platform, Applications and Plasma Workspaces. Each of them began to have a separate release announcement. One of the highlights of this version was the Plasma interface for netbooks, announced in version 4.4.

Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma cho netbook Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma cho netbook

Bộ ứng dụng Calligra

In December 2010, the community announces the Calligra Suite, a split from the KOffice suite. KOffice was discontinued in 2011.

Biểu trưng Bộ ứng dụng Calligra Biểu trưng Bộ ứng dụng Calligra

Conf KDE India đầu tiên

In March 2011, the first conference of the KDE and Qt community in India took place in Bengaluru. Since then, the event has taken place annually.

Ảnh tập thể Conf India Ảnh tập thể Conf India

Desktop Summit 2011

In August 2011, another joint conference of the KDE and Gnome communities took place in Berlin, Germany. Nearly 800 contributors from all over the world came together to share ideas and collaborate on various free software projects.

Ảnh tập thể DS 2011 Ảnh tập thể DS 2011

Plasma Active

The community released the first version of its interface for mobile devices, Plasma Active. Later, it was superseded by Plasma Mobile.

Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma Active 1 Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma Active 1

LaKademy đầu tiên

In April 2012, the first meeting of the KDE contributors in Latin America, LaKademy, took place. The event was held in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The second edition took place in 2014 in São Paulo, and since then has been an annual event. So far, all editions were held in Brazil, where the highest number of contributors from the Latin American community is based.

Ảnh tập thể LaKademy 2012 Ảnh tập thể LaKademy 2012

Tuyên ngôn KDE

KDE Manifesto, a document that presents the benefits and obligations of a KDE project, was released. It also introduces the core values that guide the community: Open Governance, Free Software, Inclusivity, Innovation, Common Ownership, and End-User Focus.

Tranh tuyên ngôn KDE Tranh tuyên ngôn KDE

Konqi mới

In December 2012, the community launched a competition to create a new mascot using Krita. The competition winner was Tyson Tan, who created new looks for the Konqi and Katie.

Konqi được thiết kế lại Konqi được thiết kế lại

Thay đổi chu kì phát hành

In September 2013, the community announced changes in the release cycle of its products. Each of them, Workspaces, Applications, and Platform, now have separate releases. The change was already a reflection of the restructuring of KDE technologies. This restructuring resulted in the next generation of community products, which would be released the following year.

Biểu đồ các công nghệ của KDE được tách riêng Biểu đồ các công nghệ của KDE được tách riêng

Các kết cấu 5

The first stable version of Frameworks 5 (KF5), the successor of KDE Platform 4, was released. This new generation of the KDE libraries based on Qt 5 has made the KDE development platform more modular and facilitated cross-platform development.

Quá trình tiến hoá của các công nghệ KDE Quá trình tiến hoá của các công nghệ KDE

Plasma 5

Release of the first stable version of Plasma 5. This new generation of Plasma has a new theme, Breeze. Changes include a migration to a new, fully hardware-accelerated graphics stack centered around an OpenGL(ES) scenegraph. This version of Plasma uses as base the Qt 5 and Frameworks 5.

Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma 5 Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma 5

GCompris gia nhập KDE

In December 2014, the educational software suite GCompris joins the project incubator of KDE community. Bruno Coudoin, who created the project in 2000, decided to rewrite it in Qt Quick to facilitate its use on mobile platforms. It was originally written in GTK+.

Biểu trưng GCompris Biểu trưng GCompris

Di động Plasma

The community announced Plasma Mobile, an interface for smartphones that uses Qt, Frameworks 5 and Plasma Shell technologies.

Ảnh Di động Plasma Ảnh Di động Plasma

Plasma trên Wayland

The first live image of Plasma running on Wayland was made available for download. Since 2011, the community works in support of Wayland by KWin, the Compositor of Plasma, and the Window Manager.

KWin trên Wayland KWin trên Wayland

Plasma 5.5

Version 5.5 is announced with several new features: new icons added to the Breeze theme, support for OpenGL ES in KWin, progress to support Wayland, a new default font (Noto), a new design.

Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma 5.5 Ảnh chụp màn hình Plasma 5.5

Neon KDE

The community announced the inclusion of another project in its incubator, KDE Neon, based on Ubuntu. Developers, testers, artists, translators and early adopters can get fresh code from git as it is committed by the KDE community.

Ảnh chụp màn hình Neon 5.6 Ảnh chụp màn hình Neon 5.6

Akademy 2016 tham gia QtCon

Akademy 2016 took place as a part of QtCon in September 2016 in Berlin, Germany. The event brought together the Qt, FSFE, VideoLAN and KDE communities. It celebrated 20 years of KDE, 20 years of VLC, and 15 years of FSFE.

Biểu ngữ QtCon Biểu ngữ QtCon

Giao diện người dùng Kirigami

Kirigami is released, a set of QML components to develop applications based on Qt for mobile or desktop devices.

Biểu trưng Kirigami Biểu trưng Kirigami

KDE giới thiệu Tầm nhìn cho tương lai

In early 2016, as a result of a survey and open discussions among community members, KDE has published a document outlining its vision for the future. This vision represents the values that its members consider most important: “A world in which everyone has control over their digital life and enjoys freedom and privacy.” The idea in defining this vision was to make clear what are the main motivations that drive the community.

KDE thông báo ra mắt Hội đồng Cố vấn

In order to formalize the cooperation among the community and the organizations that have been its allies, KDE e.V. announced the Advisory Board. Through the Advisory Board, organizations can provide feedback on community activities and decisions, to participate in regular meetings with KDE e.V., and to attend to Akademy and community sprints.

KDE kỉ niệm 20 năm

On October 14, KDE celebrated its 20th birthday. The project that started as a desktop environment for Unix systems, today is a community that incubates ideas and projects which go far beyond desktop technologies. To celebrate its anniversary the community published a book written by its contributors. We also had parties been held in eight countries.

Tranh 20 năm KDE của Elias Silveira Tranh 20 năm KDE của Elias Silveira

Slimbook KDE được thông báo ra mắt

In partnership with a Spanish laptop retailer the community announced the launch of the KDE Slimbook, a ultrabook that comes with the KDE Plasma and KDE Applications pre-installed. The laptop offers a pre-installed version of KDE Neon and can be purchased from the retailer’s website.

Slimbook KDE Slimbook KDE

QtCon Brasil được thông báo ra mắt

Inspired by QtCon 2016, which took place in Berlin and brought together the KDE, VLC, Qt and FSFE communities, KDE community in Brazil hosted QtCon Brasil in 2017. The event was held in São Paulo and brought together Qt experts from Brazil and abroad in two days of talks and one day of training.

Hợp tác KDE và Purism

KDE and Purism have partnered to adapt Plasma Mobile to the smartphone Librem 5, manufactured by the American company. Librem 5 is a phone focused on preserving the privacy and security of user communication. The adaptation project is underway and soon we will have the first phone in the world fully controlled by the user and running Plasma Mobile.

Các mục tiêu đặt ra cho KDE

KDE sets its goals for the next four years. As part of an effort undertaken by its members since 2015, the community has defined three main objectives for the coming years: to improve the usability and productivity of its software, to ensure that its software helps to preserve the privacy of users and to facilitate the contribution and integration of new collaborators.