El kernel Linux
En 1991, Linus Torvalds creó’l kernel Linux basáu en MINIX, una versión d’Unix escrita por Andrew Tanenbaum. El xurdimientu de Linux revolucionó la historia del software llibre y ayudó a popularizalu. Mira la infografía de los 25 años de desendolcu del kernel Linux.
En 1996, Matthias Ettrich anunció la creación del Kool Desktop Environment (KDE), una interfaz gráfica d’usuariu pa sistemes Unix, fecha con Qt y C ++, y diseñada pal usuariu final. El nome «KDE» yera un xuegu de pallabres del entornu gráficu CDE, que yera privativu daquella. Llei l’anunciu orixinal del proyeutu KDE.
Conferencia KDE One
En 1997, alredor de 15 desendolcadores de KDE aconceyaron n’Arnsberg (Alemaña) pa trabayar nel proyeutu y aldericar el so futuru. Esti eventu conocióse como KDE One.
KDE Beta 1
La versión beta 1 de KDE llanzóse puramente 12 meses dempués del anunciu del proyeutu. El testu del llanzamientu enfatizaba que KDE nun yera un xestor de ventanes, sinón un entornu integráu nel que’l xestor de ventanes yera namás otru componente.
Fundóse KDE e.V
In 1997, KDE e.V., the nonprofit that represents the KDE community financially and legally, was founded in Tübingen, Germany.
Creóse la KDE Free Qt Foundation
In April 1999, a dragon is announced as the new animated assistant to the KDE Help Center. It was so charming that it replaced the previous project mascot, Kandalf, from version 3.x on. See the KDE 2 Screenshot showing Konqi and Kandalf.
Conferencia KDE Two
N’ochobre de 1999, el segundu conceyu de desendolcadores de KDE celebróse n’Erlangen (Alemaña). Llei l’informe tocante a la conferencia KDE Two.
From the beta 1 version of KDE 2 it is possible to perceive a project naming change. The releases that once referred to the project as “K Desktop Environment”, began referring to it only as “KDE Desktop”.
Conferencia KDE Three Beta
N’ochobre de 1999, el segundu conceyu de desendolcadores de KDE celebróse n’Erlangen (Alemaña). Llei l’informe tocante a la conferencia KDE Two.
El proyeutu de KDE
From the release announcement of version 2.1.2 there is also a change of the nomenclature. The announcements began referring to KDE as “KDE Project”.
Conceyu KDE Three
In March 2002, about 25 developers gathered for the third KDE meeting in Nuremberg, Germany. KDE 3 was about to be released and the KDE 2 code needed to be migrated to the new library Qt 3.
Conceyu de KDE e.V.
In August 2002, there was a meeting of board members of the KDE e.V. that was essential to establish how the organization works. At this meeting it was decided, among other things, that the brand “KDE” would be registered and that new members should be invited and supported by two active members of e.V..
In August 2003, about 100 contributors of KDE from various countries gathered in a castle in the Czech Republic. The event was called Kastle and was the forerunner of Akademy, the event that would become the international annual meeting of the community.
In August 2004, the first international meeting of the community took place. The event was held in Ludwigsburg, Germany, and launched a series of international events called “Akademy” which take place annually since then. The event got its name because it happened in the “Filmakademie” city film school. See the group photos of all Akademies.
Conceyu KDE Four Core
In July 2006, the developers of the KDE core libraries gathered in Trysill, Norway, for the KDE Four Core meeting. The event was a kind of successor to the KDE Beta Three Conference and KDE Three Meeting and in it developers worked on the development of KDE 4 and stabilization of some core libraries to the project.
KDE 4 Alpha 1
KDE 4 Development Platform
In October 2007, KDE announced the release candidate of its development platform consisting of basic libraries and tools to develop KDE applications.
In 2008, the community announced the revolutionary KDE 4. In addition to the visual impact of the new default theme, Oxygen, and the new desktop interface, Plasma; KDE 4 also innovated by presenting the following applications: the PDF reader Okular, the Dolphin file manager, as well as KWin, supporting graphics effects. See KDE 4.0 Visual Guide.
La comunidá de KDE
From the announcement of version 4.1 on there was already a tendency to refer to KDE as a “community” and not just as a “project”. This change was recognized and affirmed in the rebranding announcement of the following year.
Primer Camp KDE
Gran Canaria Desktop Summit
1 millón d'unvios
La comunidá [algamó al cifra de 1 millón d’unvios](https://dot.kde.org/2009/07/20/ kde-reaches-1000000-commits-its-subversion-repository). Dende 500.000 en xineru de 2006 y 750.000 n’avientu de 2007, namás 19 meses dempués, los collaboradores algamaron la cifra del millón. L’aumentu nestes collaboraciones coincide col llanzamientu de KDE 4.
First Randa Meetings
Anovamientu de la marca
In November 2009, the community announced changes to its brand. The name “K Desktop Environment” had become ambiguous and obsolete and is replaced by “KDE”. The name “KDE” is no longer just referring to a desktop environment, but now represents both the community and the project umbrella supported by this community.
KDE Software Compilation
From version 4.3.4 on, KDE announcements began to refer to the whole suite of products as ‘KDE Software Compilation’ (KDE SC). Currently, this trend is abandoned.
In April 2010, the first meeting of Brazil KDE contributors took place. The event was held in Salvador, Bahia, and was the only Brazilian Akademy edition. From 2012 on, the event expanded to a meeting for all Latin American contributors.
Join the Game
In June 2010, the KDE e.V. announced the supporting membership program “Join the Game”, which aims to encourage financial support to the community. By participating in the program you become a member of the KDE e.V., contributing to an annual amount and being able participate in the organization’s annual meetings.
KDE SC 4.5
In August 2010, the community announced version 4.5 of its products: Development Platform, Applications and Plasma Workspaces. Each of them began to have a separate release announcement. One of the highlights of this version was the Plasma interface for netbooks, announced in version 4.4.
Primer Conf KDE India
In March 2011, the first conference of the KDE and Qt community in India took place in Bengaluru. Since then, the event has taken place annually.
Desktop Summit 2011
In August 2011, another joint conference of the KDE and Gnome communities took place in Berlin, Germany. Nearly 800 contributors from all over the world came together to share ideas and collaborate on various free software projects.
The community released the first version of its interface for mobile devices, Plasma Active. Later, it was superseded by Plasma Mobile.
In April 2012, the first meeting of the KDE contributors in Latin America, LaKademy, took place. The event was held in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The second edition took place in 2014 in São Paulo, and since then has been an annual event. So far, all editions were held in Brazil, where the highest number of contributors from the Latin American community is based.
KDE Manifesto, a document that presents the benefits and obligations of a KDE project, was released. It also introduces the core values that guide the community: Open Governance, Free Software, Inclusivity, Innovation, Common Ownership, and End-User Focus.
Cambéu del ciclu de llanzamientos
In September 2013, the community announced changes in the release cycle of its products. Each of them, Workspaces, Applications, and Platform, now have separate releases. The change was already a reflection of the restructuring of KDE technologies. This restructuring resulted in the next generation of community products, which would be released the following year.
Llanzóse la primer versión de Frameworks 5 (KF5), el socesor de KDE Platform 4. Esta xeneración nueva de les biblioteques de KDE basaes en Qt 5 fizo que’l desendolcu de la so plataforma fore más modular y acenciello’l desendolcu multiplataforma.
Release of the first stable version of Plasma 5. This new generation of Plasma has a new theme, Breeze. Changes include a migration to a new, fully hardware-accelerated graphics stack centered around an OpenGL(ES) scenegraph. This version of Plasma uses as base the Qt 5 and Frameworks 5.
GCompris xúnese a KDE
La comunidá [anunció Plasma Mobile](https://dot.kde.org/2015/07/25/plasma-mobile -free-mobile-platform), una interfaz pa teléfonos intelixentes qu’usa les teunoloxíes de Qt, Frameworks 5 y Plasma Shell.
Plasma en Wayland
The first live image of Plasma running on Wayland was made available for download. Since 2011, the community works in support of Wayland by KWin, the Compositor of Plasma, and the Window Manager.
Anuncióse la versión 5.5 con varies carauterístiques: iconos nuevos amestaos al estilu Breeze, sofitu pa OpenGL ES en KWin, avances na compatibilidá con Wayland, una fonte predeterminada nueva (Noto) y un diseñu nuevu.
Akademy 2016 part of QtCon
IU de Kirigami
Llanzóse Kirigami, un conxuntu de componentes QML pa desendolcar aplicaciones basaes en Qt pa preseos móviles y d’escritoriu.
KDE presenta la so visión del futuru
In early 2016, as a result of a survey and open discussions among community members, KDE has published a document outlining its vision for the future. This vision represents the values that its members consider most important: “A world in which everyone has control over their digital life and enjoys freedom and privacy.” The idea in defining this vision was to make clear what are the main motivations that drive the community.
KDE announced the Advisory Board
In order to formalize the cooperation among the community and the organizations that have been its allies, KDE e.V. announced the Advisory Board. Through the Advisory Board, organizations can provide feedback on community activities and decisions, to participate in regular meetings with KDE e.V., and to attend to Akademy and community sprints.
KDE celebró los 20 años
On October 14, KDE celebrated its 20th birthday. The project that started as a desktop environment for Unix systems, today is a community that incubates ideas and projects which go far beyond desktop technologies. To celebrate its anniversary the community published a book written by its contributors. We also had parties been held in eight countries.
Anúnciase'l KDE Slimbook
In partnership with a Spanish laptop retailer the community announced the launch of the KDE Slimbook, a ultrabook that comes with the KDE Plasma and KDE Applications pre-installed. The laptop offers a pre-installed version of KDE Neon and can be purchased from the retailer’s website.
Anúnciase la QtCon de Brasil
Inspired by QtCon 2016, which took place in Berlin and brought together the KDE, VLC, Qt and FSFE communities, KDE community in Brazil hosted QtCon Brasil in 2017. The event was held in São Paulo and brought together Qt experts from Brazil and abroad in two days of talks and one day of training.
KDE set goals
KDE sets its goals for the next four years. As part of an effort undertaken by its members since 2015, the community has defined three main objectives for the coming years: to improve the usability and productivity of its software, to ensure that its software helps to preserve the privacy of users and to facilitate the contribution and integration of new collaborators.
Handshake Foundation donates USD 300,000 to KDE
In 2018, the Handshake Foundation made a donation of USD 300,000 to KDE e.V. The money was used to finance projects, fund the development of Calligra Office Suite and to continue our commitment to keep creating free and open source software for users worldwide.
Debian Joins KDE Advisory Board
Debian, the famous Linux distribution founded in 1993, joined KDE’s Advisory Board to further deepen the collaboration between both communities. With this, we expect both communities to grow even stronger and to keep working together to build FLOSS projects.
The Pineapple fund donates USD 200,000 to KDE
Pineapple, an anonymous philanthropic fund, donated USD 200,000 to KDE e.V in 2018. This allowed KDE to keep paying for all the expenses related to our community, such as sprints and events.
KDE-powered newspaper achieves world first
The Janayugom daily newspaper becomes the first in the world to switch to a completely free software stack for its publication. The regional paper has 100,000 subscribers across Kerala, India. An event celebrating the move is attended by the state’s Chief Minister. Plasma, Okular, Krita, and more are deployed on systems across 14 different offices.
KDE adopts GitLab as an online development platform
New goals for 2019
KDE announces a new slate of goals for the near future at Akademy 2019. The community has whittled down a long list of proposals and chose to prioritize a consistent user experience across all KDE software, getting KDE apps into the hands of users with the help of new packaging methods, and improving the Wayland session.
KDE adopts Matrix as an Instant Messaging Platform
Matrix, an Open Source, decentralized and secure Instant Messaging platform, became the default and recommended way of communication for those who like their instant messaging graphical. Matrix allows community members to use a web-based, desktop or mobile clients, as well as native KDE clients, such as Neochat. IRC channels still exist and are bridged to Matrix, ensuring that members using different systems can communicate easily with each other. Likewise Telegram channels, although these are not considered official, as Telegram does not open source the code for its servers or encryption methods.
KDE PinePhone Announced
GCompris celebrates its 20th Anniversary and is deployed in thousands of schools in Kerala, India
Slimbook Becomes a KDE Patron
Slimbook, a Linux-focused Spanish computer brand, has joined KDE as a Patron. They have been offering a variety of computers with GNU/Linux and Plasma for years, and continue to support KDE and open source with their contributions.
PINE64 joins KDE as a Patron
PINE64 is a company that aims to deliver affordable, high-quality phones and other devices with open source software. PINE64 has become a KDE Patron after years of shipping devices with KDE software.
TUXEDO Computers Becomes a KDE Patron
TUXEDO Computers offers a variety of products with GNU/Linux and KDE Plasma pre-installed. They have been supporting open source software for years and now they have become KDE Patrons.
Valve chooses KDE Plasma for Steam Deck
Valve, the creators of Steam, announced their portable gaming computer called Steam Deck has KDE Plasma as the default desktop experience. KDE developers have been working with Valve to make Plasma work well with Steam Deck.